Contents • • • • • Instrumentation [ ] The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra is scored for symphony orchestra: •:, 2, 2, 2 in and 2 •: 4 in F, 2 in C, 3 (2 and 1 ) and •:,,,,,,,,,, and •:, first and second,, and Structure [ ] The work is based on the from 's to 's, and is structured, in accordance with the plan of the original documentary film, as a way of showing off the tone colours and capacities of the various sections of the orchestra. Uninstallwinclient Exe Landesk Management. In the introduction, the theme is initially played by the entire orchestra, then by each major family of instruments of the orchestra: first the woodwinds, then the, then the, and finally by the percussion. Each then features a particular instrument in depth, generally moving through each family from high to low (the order of the families is slightly different from the introduction). So, for example, the first variation features the piccolo and flutes; each member of the woodwind family then gets a variation, ending with the bassoon; and so on, through the strings, brass, and finally the percussion. After the whole orchestra has been effectively taken to pieces in this way, it is reassembled using an original which starts with the piccolo, followed by all the woodwinds, strings, brass and percussion in turn. Once everyone has entered, the brass are re-introduced (with a strike on the tamtam) with Purcell's original melody.
The sections of the piece and instruments introduced by the variations are as follows. Theme Allegro maestoso e largamente,,,, then Variation A Presto and Variation B Lento Variation C Moderato Variation D Allegro alla marcia Variation E Brillante: alla polacca Violins Variation F Meno mosso Variation G Lusingando Cellos Variation H Cominciando lento ma poco a poco accel. Al Allegro Variation I Maestoso Variation J L'istesso tempo Variation K Vivace Trumpets Variation L Allegro pomposo and bass tuba Variation M Moderato Percussion (; &; &; &;; &;; percussion tutti) Fugue Allegro molto Narration [ ] The narration for the documentary film was written by, the producer of the first production of Britten's opera, and is sometimes spoken by the conductor or a separate speaker during performance of the piece. The composer also arranged a version without narration. The one without narration is more often recorded. The commentary often alters between recordings. A new narration was written by Simon Butteriss for the Aldeburgh Festival and broadcast live by CBBC presenter Johny Pitts with the BBC Symphony Orchestra for the Britten 100 celebrations in 2013.